When we talk about Ancient Greece, we refer to the time between 800 and 500 B.C., which saw the blossoming of art, poetry and technology. It was the age in which the polis (city-states) made their appearance, which played an extremely important role in Greek politics for many centuries. Before this period, people in Greece lived in small farming settlements.
The settlements evolved into villages and they grew into polis with walls, agora (markets) and public places. Governments and leaders ruled according to laws created by the citizens, who willingly contributed their taxes and participated in the armies whenever they were raised.
Greeks believed in their 12 gods and goddesses, to whom they offered their respect and sacrifices. In turn, they protected them and their polis from all lifea��s troubles. The goddess Athena was, for instance, the protector of Athens.